From above, in the bright frame of sea and sky, Salerno seems to cling to the sides of the mountain, in a spectacular location on the bay. The city became the most prosperous of the South with the conquest of the Lombards in the eighth century, especially with the Duke Arechi II. Seat of the Principality, Salerno knew a period of splendor, also becoming an important center of studies with the famous School of Medicine, the oldest medical institution in the West.
The heart of the city's medieval quarter, whose main artery is via dei Mercanti. The narrow streets, now filled with shops. follow the traces of the medieval urban preserving beautiful old buildings and much of the religious architecture. The Cathedral, dedicated to St. Matthew, is the monument more omportante city, a masterpiece of Norman with the Cathedral Museum, which offers a panorama of Salerno through the ages.
Fulcrum of the commercial town are the nineteenth-century neighborhoods near the beautiful promenade Trieste, one of the longest in Italy, flanked by palm trees, from which you can enjoy the beautiful views of the gulf. A green oasis is the Villa Comunale, the beautiful garden; looking up into the hills above the town you see the imposing Arechi Castle, which offers a breathtaking view